Legislative leaders say they've reached an impasse
"We have reached an impasse," House Speaker Mitzi Johnson, D-South Hero, said Wednesday.
Flanked by dozens of legislators, Johnson and Senate President Pro Tem Tim Ashe, D/P-Chittenden, presented a united front. More than a dozen meetings with Gov. Phil Scott's administration on the issue of teachers' health care negotiations have not yielded a satisfactory result, they said.
Now they'll turn legislators' efforts toward resolving remaining bills and adjourning. However, lawmakers may be back in the Statehouse in a matter of weeks to respond to a budget veto.
In mid-April, Scott came forward with a proposal to shift negotiations for teachers' health care benefits from the local to the statewide level, which he said could net up to $26 million in property tax savings. He threatened to veto the state budget if the Legislature does not pass a proposal that meets his requirements.
Key for Democratic leadership is the need to keep collective bargaining untouched and at the local school district level. The governor, on the other hand, will not budge on his position to have a uniform bargaining outcome to maximize savings.
Ashe and Johnson both came up with counterproposals that would return savings directly to the property tax payers. The Republican plans would move the savings into the education fund to either lower property taxes for everyone or be used to provide a tax cut but also help pay for higher education and child care.
Failure to find resolution has twice thwarted legislative adjournment ambitions already. Lawmakers are now back for a 19th — unbudgeted — week, officially running overtime. If Scott vetoes the budget, he would call lawmakers back for a special session to come up with a new budget. The state fiscal year starts July 1.
Ashe and Johnson expressed frustration with the discussions with the governor in recent weeks and said he has been unwilling to meet them on middle ground.
"There is a point where a negotiation becomes a dictation," Ashe said.
House Minority Leader Don Turner, R-Milton, disputed Ashe's assertion. He said the governor has not been immovable.
"I am standing in front of you and telling you that is not true," he told the Republican caucus. The governor has been meeting with Turner and some other Republican lawmakers to keep them up to date on proposals. Turner said the governor has been flexible on some things that the caucus wasn't comfortable with.
"We have to keep our coalition together, too," he said.
At Wednesday's news conference, Ashe said the governor's original proposal did not guarantee that taxpayers would recoup $26 million because the state would have to negotiate the perfect deal with teachers' unions in order to net the full savings.
Johnson alluded to multiple proposals the Legislature has floated to try to meet the governor's goals.
"We've put out easily three or four different ideas, and none of them are his and so they have all been rejected," Johnson said.
Last week, the Senate passed the Ashe plan that cut $13 million from the education fund, strongly recommended a specific outcome on health care that keeps bargaining local, and would force school boards to cut their budgets if they were not able to negotiate the exact amount prescribed in the legislation.
This week, the speaker presented the governor with a modified plan — but no actual language. Sources told VTDigger some of the components. Contract talks would continue at the local school district level but with restricted terms. School districts and the union would have to negotiate an 80/20 split on the premiums (pegged to a specific plan) and put an exact amount in health savings accounts to cover teachers' out-of-pocket costs.
If the bargaining concluded without all the health care savings, school districts and teachers would split the remainder to make up for the lost savings. School districts would cut their budgets, and teachers would forfeit a portion of their salaries.
Don Turner Kurt Wright
At least one GOP lawmaker said he had been hopeful when he saw the speaker move this proposal forward. Rep. Kurt Wright, R-Burlington, said that Tuesday it seemed Johnson was standing up to the unions a bit with her latest proposal, before that all changed.
"Obviously, the union laid down the law and (Democratic leaders) backed down," he said.
Now, Johnson and Ashe said, legislative committees will resume work on the final bills of the year — including the state budget and the education finance bill — to reconcile the House and Senate positions.
The Legislature will remain open to ideas from the governor, but the two leaders said they're not counting on it.
The plan now is to let a conference committee deal with the education property tax bill using the Ashe proposal the Senate passed and sent to the House on Friday. Both chambers appointed members of the committee Wednesday afternoon, and they were expected to meet in the evening and Thursday morning to find a compromise.
Other conference committees, including on the state budget and the miscellaneous tax bills, were expected to convene Thursday as well.
Adjournment could happen as early as the end of the week, according to an aide to the speaker.
Earlier in the day, Scott said the latest proposal from the speaker's office is "moving in the right direction" but that the negotiations with legislative leadership had not progressed much.
He claimed there is broad support for his plan among the public.
"There might be this vortex here surrounding the Statehouse, but outside the Statehouse there's a constant wind of support for what I'm proposing," Scott said.
He reiterated that he will not support the state budget if the Legislature does not meet his requirements.
"I've made it quite clear that if we aren't able to get agreement on what I believe needs to be in the bill, that I will not hesitate to veto it," Scott said.
Senate Minority Leader Dustin Degree, R-Franklin, said if leadership is not working with the governor, he expects to be back in June for a veto session.
"If they're not willing to come to the table with the governor anymore, there's no reason for us to be here," Degree said.
Disappointment among lawmakers was not limited to Republicans.
Rep. Laura Sibilia, I-Dover, said someone needs to stand up and have a press conference in defense of taxpayers. She urged colleagues at the Republican caucus Wednesday not to forget about the multiparty House coalition.
"Please remember this is not a partisan issue, and hold space for your colleagues across the aisle and the independents," Sibilia said, prompting applause from caucus members.
Turner said the Republican caucus was "hopeful" there would be some sort of agreement. The caucus is going to cooperate with the majority to get to adjournment, with the expectation that lawmakers will be back after the governor rejects the budget.
"We are on a path to a veto. There is no sense hanging out for two, three, five more days when the inevitable is going to happen," he said.
The Republican caucus has vowed to sustain a gubernatorial veto, and Turner reiterated his support for Scott's proposal.
"I'm 100 percent behind the governor," he said. "This is an opportunity we need to deliver for Vermonters and Vermont taxpayers."
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